034 312 1515 Monday - Friday 08:00 - 17:00


Patient education is an important aspect of eye care.  It allows patients to be informed about their eye disease conditions and/or disorders, and helps them participate in the proper management with their eye doctor. 

Anatomy of the Eye

Light projects through your pupil and lens to the back of the eye. The inside lining of the eye is covered by special light-sensing cells that are collectively called the retina. It converts light into electrical impulses. Behind the eye, your optic nerve carries these impulses to the brain.

Eye Conditions & Disorders

Age-Related Macular Degeneration Patient Education Liana Engelbrecht Optometrist

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the physical disturbance of the center of the retina called the macula.

Bulging Eye Patient Education Liana Engelbrecht Optometrist

Bulging Eyes

Bulging eyes, or proptosis, occurs when one or both eyes protrude from the eye sockets due to space taking lesions such as swelling of the muscles, fat, and tissue behind the eye.

Cataracts Patient Education Liana Engelbrecht Optometrist


Cataracts are a degenerative form of eye disease in which the lens gradually becomes opaque and vision mists over.

Cataracts in babies Patient Education Liana Engelbrecht Optometrist

Cataracts in Babies

In rare cases, children develop cataracts in the first few years of their lives.

Glaucoma Patient Education Liana Engelbrecht Optometrist


Glaucoma occurs when a build-up of fluid in the eye creates pressure, damaging the optic nerve.

Keratoconus Patient Education Liana Engelbrecht Optometrist


When the cornea in the front of the eye, which normally is round, becomes thin and cone shaped.

Lazy Eye Patient Education Liana Engelbrecht Optometrist

Lazy Eye

Commonly known as lazy eye, amblyopia is poor vision in an eye that does not receive adequate use during early childhood.

Low Vision

Whenever ordinary glasses or contact lenses don't produce clear vision, you are considered to have low vision.

CMV Retinitis
CMV Retinitis is a serious infection of the retina that often affects people with AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) and that may also affect people with other immune disorders.

Color Blindness
Color blindness is not actually blindness in the true sense but rather is a color vision deficiency—people who are affected by it simply do not agree with most other people about color matching.

Crossed Eyes (Strabismus)
Crossed eyes (or strabismus) occur when a person’s eyes are not able to align on the same point at the same time, and appear to be misaligned or pointed in different directions.

Diabetic Macular Edema
Diabetic Macular Edema, DME, is caused by fluid accumulation in the macula. Patients with DME typically experience blurred vision which can be severe.

Eye Floaters and Eye Flashes
Floaters are small specks or clouds that move across your field of vision—especially when you are looking at a bright, plain background, like a blank wall or a cloudless blue sky.

Ocular Hypertension
Ocular hypertension is an increase in pressure in the eye that is above the range considered normal.

Retinal Detachment
When the retina detaches, light sensitive membrane in the back of the eye becomes separated from the nerve tissue and blood supply underneath it.

Eyelid Twitching
Sometimes your eyelid simply twitches.

Uveitis is the inflammation of the inside the eye, specifically affecting one or more of the three parts of the eye that make up the uvea.

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